The Jamnapari Goat – Milk and Meat
The Jamnapari Goat, is also known as the Jamunapari Goat or simply Pari Goat, is the most well-known dairy goat throughout the Indian subcontinent. It is the tallest breed of goat and is respected within the Indian farming community. It originates in the Etawah territory in the Chakarnagar area of Uttar Pradesh. The Jamnapari is a hardy and well adapted animal and copes well with the local dense shrubbery and other vegetation in the area. The Jamnapari is believed to evolve for its particular habitat as this goat breed is not found naturally in surrounding regions.
The Jamunapari Goat typically is white with short hair. The Jamnapari commonly displays long hair on the thigh and back leg. The Jamnapari goat has a strongly shaped Roman nose with long ears. The neck is unusually long, muscular and very straight. The Jamnapari Goat has a short upright tail. The ears grow to about 8 inches long when in the first 6 months and reach approximately 12 inches once matured. 9 inch horns face backwards on adults. The udder is large and pendulous with large 6 inch milking teats.
The ears of the adult Jamunapari Goat are about a foot long which is much shorter than the length of the head. This causes a the ears to unavoidably blind the goat and touch the ground before the mouth does when trying to graze from the ground. It has been noted that these goats can accidentally bite one of their ears leading to infection. And the eyes can also be covered by the long ears. Thus the Jamunapari has evolved more to feeding by browsing bushes, tree leaves and the top of grasses than typical ground grazing, which makes the breed vulnerable to environmental changes.
The Jamnapari Goat demonstrates a varied lactation cycle. It produces milk over various periods of a period of 8-9 months and are reported to yield about 70 pounds of milk each month however, the Jamunapari can produce up to eight pounds of milk daily under certain circumstances. Milk is of good quality with decent amounts of butterfat and protein however it is not as rich as other dairy goat milks. Milk yields increase up to the end of two months and then start to decline for average lactation lengths of 260 days. Does with multiple kids usually produce more milk than those with single kids.